The story of how this website came to be.

In honor of the site's 20-year anniversary, we highlight some key events in the site's development, in the context of tendon research.

Our story starts over 20 years ago...

May 2000
Dr. Khan & Dr. Cook publish "Overuse Teninosis, not Tendinitis: A New Paradigm For A Difficult Clnical Problem." This paper and others like it bring attention to the issue of collagen degradation and failed healing rather than inflammation as definitive of chronic tendon injuries.
Abstract for medical paper by Dr. Khan, Dr. Cook, et al.
April 2002
After struggling with wrist pain for several years and giving up a technical writing career, Laurie starts the website A few other sites exist about RSI (repetitive strain injury) and link to each other, forming a little network.
The old site logo.
February 2004
Laurie starts a home business and becomes very busy with that, but she continues to update and receives emails from people who find the site helpful.
Cartoon image showing human evolution to walking upright and then evolving to hunched over computer desk.
September 2008
Dr. Cook et al. publish "Is Tendon Pathology A Continuum?" to suggest that the tendinopathy injury takes place along a continuum, requiring different approaches to treatment at different stages. Dr. Cook is a world-renowned expert on tendinopathy.
Image of the abstract for the medical paper titled "Is tendon pathology a continuum?" by Dr. Jill Cook et al.
Photo of Dr. Jill Cook, internationally known tendon researcher based in Australia.

“We propose that there is a continuum of tendon pathology that has three stages: reactive tendinopathy, tendon dysrepair (failed healing) and degenerative tendinopathy.”

Dr. Jill Cook et al.

September 2013
Australia's Ortho Cell releases positive results for a clinical trial of their tenocyte cell therapy for tendinopathy, conducted on patients with chronic tennis elbow.
Logo for the company Orthio Cell, which is developing a tenocyte therapy for tendinopathy.
October 2014
Laurie starts a Facebook page for, which is a great way to let people know about tendon research updates.
facebook icon
April 2015
Researchers at the University of Glasgow discover a microRNA that can retore the normal balance of collagen Type I to Type III in chronic tendon injuries. Dr. Neal Millar, an expert in the tendinopathy field, leads the research team. Causeway Therapeutics is established to develop the treatment and bring it to market.
Photo of Dr. Neal Millar, internationally known tendon researcher from Glasgow.

“This breakthrough has allowed us to find a way to alter the levels of collagen type-3 in tendons, with the ultimate aim to get patients with tendon injuries better quicker.”

Dr. Neal Millar

September 2015
Laurie purchases the domain name and changes the site name because tendinosis is no longer the preferred term. Tendinopathy has become preferred after researchers discovered signs of inflammation on the cellular level, revisiting the inflammation question. (Tendinitis means inflammation exists, tendinosis means inflammation does not exist, and tendinopathy makes no claim.) The domain was not available, and seemed like a great choice.
The old site logo
June 2019
Laurie sells her home business and adopts a puppy, which has been on her bucket list for years. His name is Jasper and he has more energy than the rest of the family combined. :)
Photo of my dog Jasper.
November 2019
Laurie has to change the site name again, this time to She loses the tendonpain domain when it fails to auto-renew and the grace period expires while she is dealing with the massive 2019 Kincade fire in Sonoma County, California. On the positive side, the amazing firefighters save her home even though the flames come within 50 ft of her cottage. When she is allowed to return home after two weeks of evacuation, she finds that her domain company sold away her domain name and the new domain owner has stolen all her content. She files a DMCA complaint and the content is removed, but she still has to choose a new domain name. TendonInjury it is.
TendonInjury site logo
December 2019
Researchers at the Carnegie Institution For Science discover tendon stem cells for the first time.
Carnegie Science logo
August 2022
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania discover abnormal chromatin in tendinopathic tenocytes, providing an explanation for their inability to produce normal collagen to heal the tendon.
Perelman School of Medicine logo
Now that Jasper has grown, Laurie had time to give the website a major update. Check back for new updates, follow us on Facebook, and consider making a small donation to support the site. Thank you! :)
facebook iconImage for a button that links to the Buy Me A Coffee app page. This link allows visitors to make small donations to help support the Tendon Injury site.

About The Author

I worked as a freelance technical writer for computer companies for several years after graduating from Stanford University with B.S and M.S degrees. I loved technical writing, but I had to give it up because I developed chronic tendinopathy in both wrists and forearms from long hours of typing.

I looked into the medical research and decided to create this website in 2002 to share what I had learned about tendinopathy. I wanted to provide information and publicize the need to fund scientific research into repetitive strain injuries. When I put the site up in 2002, I could find almost no mention of tendinosis/tendinopathy anywhere on the web other than in a few research papers. Now the web is full of information about these injuries, so we have made a lot of progress in raising awareness. I think this site still serves a purpose since it focuses more on research than other informational medical sites that cover tendinopathy, and this site is written from the perspective of someone who has had the injury.

I created the site in hopes that people would find it informative and useful, but I am not a doctor and can’t give medical advice. This site is meant to be a summary of research to help you, but you’ll still need to seek medical care.

I receive some emails asking me how I am doing with my wrists today. My wrists took a number of years to improve, but eventually I could do much more with my hands in daily life. I am now pain-free as long as I don’t do certain hand-intensive things like typing. I use a pen tablet for computer tasks, and I have help with typing anything of any length. I can write by hand as long as I don’t do too much at once..

I wish you all the best with your healing and hope we'll have some breakthroughs in research in the near future.